Click here to read Genesis 4:1-5:32

There isn’t much of a delay until the effects of sin begin to appear in the lives of Adam and Eve. Within the first half of chapter 4 we see that Cain and Abel have to work for their food, and that negative feelings (anger and dejection) are very real.  As if that weren’t enough, Cain is jealous of his brother, plots to murder him, kills him, and then lies to God about doing it!

This passage also introduces some common themes to the Bible.  In this passage we see two distinct groups begin to form – those who follow God and those who do their own thing apart from God.  We also see that the effects of sin are real, horrible, and quick to take hold.  Everything in this section is a lot different from how they were supposed to be in the Garden of Eden!  Third, we see that sin has lasting effects in families.  Not only does Cain’s descendant Lamech kill a young man, but he also brags about it.  Finally, we see that God blesses all human beings regardless of whether they follow Him or not.  It’s important to note, while God doesn’t approve of what Cain’s descendants are doing, He still offers them some comfort and blessing through His great mercy.  However, in the sections ahead we will see that God offers different and greater blessings to those who follow and obey Him.

Names Places

Lord – God

Adam – first living person

Eve – second living person

Cain – Adam and Eve’s firstborn son

Abel – Cain’s younger brother

Seth – Adam and Eve’s third son

Lamech – Cain’s great (x 3) grandson



Garden of Eden – garden that Adam and Eve were kicked out of

Nod – east of Eden where Cain went

Enoch – city that Cain named after his son


See the genealogy in this link



Interesting fact:

Why would God accept Abel’s gift and not Cain’s?

It doesn’t appear that it is because Cain is not following God’s specific instruction about the gifts, because He has not given any.  And to say that it is because God prefers lambs to crops would be a significant reach.  Instead, it’s more likely that it all depends on their hearts concerning their gifts.  Abel gave God the best of what he had—the best of the firstborn lambs!  Cain, on the other hand, just brought some of what he had rather than offering God the best of his crops.