Click here to read Exodus 1:1-2:25

Today’s passage sets the stage for the events of Exodus by condensing around 429 years of history into two chapters.  We see that God watched over His people and they prospered in Egypt.  Unfortunately, we also see that generations passed by and the current Pharaoh didn’t know Joseph or remember the blessing that Egypt experienced though its relationship with God through Joseph.  Even though Pharaoh is set on trying to kill and submit the Israelites, we see God is sensitive to their cries and we are introduced to the man God will use to accomplish His will—Moses.

This passage shows us God’s early protection of Moses, which identifies him as God’s chosen.  And while we are shown how God provided an Egyptian education and early training for him, we also see his shortcomings—anger and a violent outburst that will cause Moses to flee to Midian where God will teach Moses the lessons necessary for the next stage of God’s plan.  And through the Egyptian education and training of God we will see that Moses is provided with a skill set that lines up greatly with God’s overall plan—Moses it taught to rely on God completely as well learning how to build things (Egyptian architecture) and how to mobilize a large number of people and lead them (Egyptian military training).

But perhaps the most important part of today’s passage comes at the end when hope is offered and the promise that Joseph gave his brothers is fulfilled—“God will come to your aid.”  We see that God continues to be faithful to people and that the current plan is a continuation of His plan that was revealed through the promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Names Places

God – God

Pharaoh – ruler of Egypt

Moses – baby drawn from water and saved

Miriam – Moses’ sister

Pharaoh’s daughter – took Moses from the water

priest of Midian – Moses’ father-in-law

Zipprah – Moses’ wife and daughter of priest of Midian

Gershom – son of Moses and Zipporah – sounds like “an alien there”


Egypt – where the sons of Jacob/Israel lived

Pithom and Ramses – stores cities for Pharaoh built by the Israelites

Nile – sacred river of Egypt where the Hebrew boys were to be drowned

Midian – where Moses fled after killing the Egyptian

Minor12 sons of Israel

Joseph – favorite son of Jacob

Jacob/Israel – Joseph’s father

Abraham – Jacob’s grandfather

Isaac – Jacob’s Father

Shiphrah – Hebrew midwife who disobeyed Pharaoh

Puah – Hebrew midwife who disobeyed Pharaoh

Hebrews/Israelites – descendants of Israel and his sons

Moses’ parents – (Levites) Jochebed and Amram

shepherds who harassed Zipporah and her sisters



Moses flees to Midian (from Tyndale Bible Dictionary)


Interesting facts:

It is no small thing that Moses identified himself with the Israelites (this is explicitly stated in  2:11).  He had every right to call himself an Egyptian because he lived in Pharaoh’s house, received an Egyptian education and was even called an Egyptian by those around him (the name Moses is Egyptian, too).  But despite all these things he still viewed himself as an Israelite because of the influence of his Levite parents.

Below is also a chart to help place the events of Exodus into their proper place within Egyptian history. Reproduced from the notes of Dr. Thomas Constable (